General Transportation Rules

Clearance procedure

In conformity with the provisions of Chapter IV of the Customs Code, the goods clearance procedure is carried out according to the following general rules:

  • Customs clearance shall be done by those inner and frontier customs bodies in the area of activity of which either the expeditor or goods recipient or their subdivisions are located. The Customs Service has the right to determine which customs bodies should do the clearance of certain categories of goods and means of transportation. Upon request, clearance can be done at the cost of the requesting entity, with the customs body authorization, in other places and at times other than the office hours of the customs authority.
  • Customs clearance shall be performed in the national language. As an exception, customs officers may accept documents in the foreign languages they know.
  • Entities having powers with regard to the goods and means of transportation and their representatives are authorized to attend customs clearance. Upon the customs authority request, these entities shall attend and provide assistance to the customs officers during the customs clearance.
  • For customs clearance purposes, the entities having powers with regard to goods and the customs body is authorized to take samples and specimens of goods and study (perform expert evaluation of) them.
  • The transportation, weighing, loading, unloading, transboarding, fixing the damaged package, packaging, re-packaging, package opening operations shall be performed upon the customs body request or with its consent and shall not involve additional costs for the customs body.

The customs clearance stages are the following

  • Preliminary operations — customs actions preceding the clearance and placement of goods and means of transportation under a certain customs procedure, as follows:
    • submission of goods and means of transportation, as well as the supporting documents, to the frontier customs bodies;
    • customs control of the means of transportation at the frontier customs houses;
    • transportation of goods and means of transportation to the destination location. The goods are transported from the departure customs house to the destination customs house according to the T1 transit procedure, which is carried out in conformity with the Methodological norms regarding the transit system on the territory of the Republic of Moldova, approved through Customs Service Order nr. 288-oof 20.12.2005.
  • Temporary storage — procedure under which goods (including those which at the moment of import did not observe the conditions foreseen by the current legislation in order to be placed under a customs procedure approved by the customs bodies) are stored in authorized locations, without levying import duties, fees and other taxes as foreseen by the economic policies of the state, until these are placed under a certain customs regime or another procedure as approved by the customs bodies.

    The storage procedure is regulated by Customs Service Order nr. 230-O of 28.06.2007.

    The temporary storage of goods is carried out on the basis of a brief declaration, which is filled out according to the procedure provided for in Customs Service Order nr.185-O of 25.05.2006 regarding the approval of Norms on the use of the brief declaration.

    Registrul depozitelor vamale provizorii.

  • Declaration

    Goods declaration and submission for customs clearance shall be performed by the declarants or their representatives, by submitting a detailed customs declaration, in written form, upon termination of the transit procedure or within a 20-day period from the date of the brief declaration submission.

    The technical norms regarding the print out, use and fill out of the detailed customs declaration are provided for in Customs Service Order nr. 438-O of 19.11.2007.

    A customs declaration is submitted for each transportation document.

    The detailed customs declaration shall not be submitted for goods imported or exported by legal entities for non-commercial purposes, the value of which does not exceed the amount equivalent to 50 EURO and in other cases as foreseen in the above-mentioned Order.

    The procedure of detailed customs declaration computer processing shall be carried out in conformity with the Methodology approved through Customs Service Order nr. 480-O of 18.12.2006 and includes the following stages:

    Stages of the computer processing procedure

    Initially, the customs declaration is filled out by the customs clearance specialist, who accesses the informational module of the customs integrated system ASYCUDAWorld. Later on, it gets stored and registered on the central server of the customs body under an automatically attributed registration number and date.

    The acceptance of the customs declaration is communicated to the declarant by means of a reply message with details on the declaration identification, registration number and date. Once the customs declaration and the supporting documents are printed out on a special form, they are submitted by the authorized customs clearance specialist at the reception-selection point in the framework of the customs house/post.

    The customs officer from the reception-selection point verifies is the customs declaration was registered on the server, using the information module; verifies if the documents supporting the detailed customs declaration were registered in the customs information system, accepts the customs declaration if it observes the established conditions, and requests its electronic validation. The electronic validation request leads to the application of the general selectivity criteria.

    At the same time, the declaration is automatically distributed for examination to a customs officer in case it was selected for one of the control channels (red or yellow).

    The yellow channel determines the customs release of goods only upon obligatory document control, and the red channel determines the customs release of goods upon the obligatory document and physical control. In these cases, the declaration and supporting documents are passed over to the document control point.

    If the customs declaration is selected for the green channel, then the customs release of goods shall be carried out with no document or goods control.

The customs clearance procedure finalizes with the issuance of respective documents and custom release of goods.